The historic center of Cordoba [PHOTOS]

This hottest city in Spain was once the largest city in the world. During the early Middle Ages, it had a population of 700,000. It was modern, clean and unique. Today, as many as four of its sites are on the UNESCO list.

Cordoba - a city in Spanish Andalusia - was founded by the Romans in the 2nd century BC. In the period of Augustus it became the capital of the emirate, and in 929, under Abderraman III, it was transformed into an independent caliphate. Under the rule of the Moors, it gained spectacular mosques and public buildings.
In the 10th century it was described as a city with all the achievements of mankind at that time. There was a system of artificial irrigation here, thanks to which Cordoba resembled a large garden. It had about 300 mosques, 300 baths, and 20 libraries (the huge library of Caliph Al-Hakam accumulated over 400,000 works). There were numerous schools and 17 universities. It was one of the most advanced cities in the world in terms of urban planning.
In 786, construction of the Great Mosque began in Cordoba. It was rebuilt and enlarged many times, until it reached an area of ​​23,400 m2. A bold and unique building due to its dimensions and high-vaulted construction concept, it was the second largest mosque in the world by area, after the Holy Mosque of Mecca. In 1984 it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.,64091/694_cordoba_stare_miastojpg,475936/
Cordoba's heyday ended with the new millennium. The great caliphate collapsed, and the city, taken over by Christians in 1236, slowly began to decline. In the 13th century, under the Catholic kings, during the reign of Ferdinand III, the Grand Mosque was transformed into a cathedral. During this period, the defensive complex Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos and the Torre de la Calahorra tower were also erected (they are part of the center of Cordoba, which was entered on the UNESCO List in 1994)
The Roman Bridge (Puente Romano), connecting the banks of the Guadalquivir River, is considered to be one of the most magnificent viewpoints over the old town of Cordoba.,64092/
It was built in the 1st century BC. and - interestingly - for two thousand years it was the only bridge in the whole of Cordoba, another one was built only in the mid-twentieth century. On its southern edge there is the already mentioned tower of Torre de la Calahorra.
In Cordoba, the influence of Western Islamic and Christian art as well as the neo-Moorish style contribute to the unique character of the architecture. Photos from this extraordinary city have been deposited on the portal. Their author is dr hab. Eng. arch. Barbara Widera from the Department of History of Architecture, Art and Technology, Wrocław University of Technology
Great Mosque:,64060/,64070/,64041/,64059/,64040/,64058/,64027/,64050/,64048/,64047/,64046/,64039/,64065/,64054/,64033/,64029/,64028/,64035/,64053/,64052/,64026/,64034/,64030/,64042/,64061/,64072/,64073/,64044/
Historic Center of Cordoba:,64146/,64063/,64148/,64149/,64147/,64090/,64091/,64093/,64094/,64095/,64096/,64097/,64064/,64150/,64150/,64092/